Jeff Koons ‘Rabbit’ Sets Auction Record for Most Expensive Work by Living Artist






A shiny stainless steel sculpture created by Jeff Koons in 1986, inspired by a child’s inflatable toy, sold at Christie’s on Wednesday night for $91.1 million with fees, breaking the record at auction for a work by a living artist, set just last November by David Hockney.

Robert E. Mnuchin, an art dealer and the father of Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin, made the winning bid for Mr. Koons’s 1986 “Rabbit” from an aisle seat near the front of the salesroom. He was seated near Peter Brant, the collector and private museum-owner, and Jeffrey Deitch, the dealer.

It was the ultimate prize among six works offered at Christie’s from the collection of the magazine publisher S.I. Newhouse Jr., who died in 2017. Estimated to raise at least $50 million, this sculpture, made in an edition of three and one artist’s proof, was the last example left in private hands, according to Christie’s.

The price, surpassing the $90.2 million with fees achieved, again at Christie’s, for Mr. Hockney’s 1972 painting, “Portrait of an Artist (Pool With Two Figures),” confirmed how Mr. Koons’s metal sculptures have become the ultimate billionaire trophies produced during the contemporary art boom of the 1980s and ’90s. The Hockney milestone came at the expense of Mr. Koons, the previous record-holder, whose “Balloon Dog (Orange)” sold at auction for $58.4 million in November 2013.

Critics pointed out that the “Rabbit” sculpture elegantly and enigmatically alludes to earlier pieces by such artists as Constantin Brancusi, Marcel Duchamp and Andy Warhol.

“I always thought it would be in the pantheon,” said Mr. Deitch. “It was instantly embraced by artists and cultural critics, and it’s kept its resonance for all these years.”

This validation is all the sweeter for Mr. Koons, whose career trajectory has been contradictory, controversial and uneven. In 2017, slowing demand for some of his more recent works necessitated a major downsizing of his studio. Auction prices for his most valuable sculptures have also slumped. Since 2014, the most recent spike in sales of contemporary art, the highest price paid for a Koons sculpture at auction was $22.8 million, for the colored aluminum sculpture “Play Doh,” according to the Artnet database of salesroom prices.

Mr. Koons has been embroiled in suits accusing him of copying, and in 2016, he upset the French cultural establishment by giving Paris a colorfully upbeat “Bouquet of Tulips” sculpture, inspired by the Statue of Liberty, as a memorial to victims of recent terrorist attacks in France.

“There are so many strange, disconcerting aspects to Jeff Koons, his art and his career that it is hard to quite know how to approach” it, Roberta Smith wrote in the The New York Times, reviewing his retrospective at the Whitney Museum of American Art in 2014, then its largest survey devoted to a single artist.

His work ranges from the notorious pictures that depict the artist in flagrante with his then-wife, Ilona Staller, known in her porn-star days as La Cicciolina, to knowingly kitsch sculptures like one of Michael Jackson with Bubbles, his pet chimpanzee, to his reflective, oversize “Rabbit” that “turns the hare into a space-invader of unknown origin,” Ms. Smith wrote.

In all, the six contemporary works from the Newhouse collection raised $115 million Wednesday evening. On Monday evening, five Impressionist and modern works owned by Mr. Newhouse had raised $101 million. Before this week, this group of 11 had been estimated at $130 million.

Other notable sales included a Louise Bourgeois “Spider” cast in 1997, which sold for $32 million, a record for the artist and the second-highest price paid at auction for a work by a woman.

Because Christie’s offered the two choicest estate collections of the week, the sale was packed with classic works by major names of American postwar and contemporary art. The auction began with 11 works from the Robert B. and Beatrice C. Mayer family, based in Chicago. Buying directly from dealers in the 1960s, the Mayers amassed a formidable collection of Pop Art.

“They were important collectors, and they bought early,” said David Nisinson, a collector and art adviser in New York. “Christie’s had a lot of fresh material from well-known collectors that hadn’t been seen for years.”

The pick of the Mayer works was Robert Rauschenberg’s 1964 silk-screen painting, “Buffalo II,” evoking the turbulent political climate after President John F. Kennedy’s assassination. It sold for $88.8 million with fees. The couple had acquired the painting in 1965 from the Leo Castelli Gallery in New York.

“It’s a very significant painting,” said Mr. Nisinson. “And Rauschenberg has been undervalued compared to other artists.”

Most of Mr. Rauschenberg’s most innovative works from the 1950s and ’60s, particularly his trailblazing “Combines,” have long been held in museums and rarely appear on the market. This early silk-screen painting, packed with evocative imagery, is the most significant Rauschenberg to appear at auction in years. The previous high for Rauschenberg had been $18.6 million in 2015, according to Artnet. Another Mayer prize was Roy Lichtenstein’s “Kiss,” from 1962, which brought in $31.1 million.

From The New York Times, “Jeff Koons ‘Rabbit’ Sets Auction Records for Most Expensive Work by Living Artist” by Scott Reyburn. May 15, 2019.