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Joan Miró (1893–1983) was a pioneering Spanish Surrealist painter and sculptor, known for his distinctive visual language that bridged the realms of the subconscious and the fantastical. Initially trained as an accountant, Miró's passion for art led him to enroll at the Royal Academy of Fine Arts of San Jorge in Barcelona. His early works were influenced by Fauvism and Cubism, but he soon distanced himself from conventional artistic approaches. Miró's style evolved into a unique form of Surrealism, characterized by biomorphic shapes, playful symbols, and vibrant colors. His art often conveyed a childlike spontaneity and a connection to the dream world, with notable works such as "The Tilled Field" and "The Birth of the World" exemplifying his mastery of symbolic abstraction.


Joan Miró's works are celebrated in major museums and institutions globally, reflecting his profound impact on modern art. The Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) in New York, the Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía in Madrid, the Fundació Joan Miró in Barcelona, and the Tate Modern in London have hosted comprehensive retrospectives of Miró's career. The Joan Miró Foundation in Barcelona, established by the artist himself, houses a vast collection of his paintings, drawings, and sculptures. His monumental ceramic mural, "The Wall of the Sun," graces the UNESCO headquarters in Paris. Miró's influence extends to institutions like the Reina Sofía Museum in Madrid and the Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao, where his masterpieces continue to captivate audiences and inspire future generations.

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